It is every woman’s desire to give birth to a healthy baby. For your baby to be healthy, it is very important to consume enough nutritious food during pregnancy with proper care. The development of the fetus depends on the diet of the mother. Pregnant women should take such a diet that can meet all the nutritional needs of the unborn child. A normal woman should take a diet of 2100 calories per day. According to the Food and Nutrition Board, a pregnant woman should have an additional 300 calories in her diet. That is, a pregnant woman should get 2400 calories as compared to a normal woman, and various vitamins, minerals should be available in more quantity. More information about what foods and in what quantities a woman should take during pregnancy is given below.
Period stops in early pregnancy. Some women have to go to the toilet again and again. There is slight pain or heaviness in the breast. Many women vomit or do not like the smell of food. There is a change in taste and smell. A mild fever may occur. There may be a pain in the stomach.
How important is it for a pregnant woman to take protein?
Doctors recommend that a pregnant woman must get 60 to 70 grams of protein per day in the diet. Protein is an important element that is very important for the growth and development of the uterus, breasts, and womb of a pregnant woman. Pregnant women need about 1 kg of protein during the last 6 months. Proteins are abundant in milk and milk dishes, peanuts, cheese, cheese, cashew nuts, almonds, pulses, meat, fish, eggs, etc., so keep these things in your diet.
How important is calcium for a pregnant woman?
A pregnant woman should take 1500-1600 mg of calcium daily in her diet. Calcium not only keeps pregnant women and unborn babies healthy but also strengthens their bones. Due to the lack of calcium, the feet of pregnant women suffer. To fulfill this, include milk and milk dishes, pulses, butter, cheese, fenugreek, beets, figs, grapes, watermelon, sesame, urad, millet, meat, etc. in the diet.
What is Folic Acid In Hindi
Women need to take 4 mg of folic acid daily for the first three months of pregnancy. After that 6 mg folic acid needs to be taken for the next six months. If folic acid is taken in sufficient quantity, the risk of birth defects and miscarriage is greatly reduced. Women who have excessive vomiting stop vomiting by taking folic acid. It is good that you start taking folic acid from the time you have made up your mind to become a mother. Folic acid is found in lentils, kidney beans, spinach, peas, maize, green mustard, okra, soybean, chickpea, strawberry, banana, pineapple, orange, oatmeal, whole grain flour, flour bread, etc.
How much water should a pregnant woman drink?
We all know that water is very important for our bodies. Now drinking water is necessary for everyone, be it a pregnant woman or any common person. Pregnant women need more water. To accomplish this, at least 3 liters (10 to 12 glasses) of water must be drunk daily.
In the summer season, 2 glasses of extra water should be drunk. Water should always be clean and safe to drink. Try to keep a clean water bottle with you while going out or use good bottled water only. Every drop of water is valuable to you and is very helpful in making your pregnancy healthy and safe.
How important are vitamins for a pregnant woman?
The need for vitamins increases during pregnancy. Your diet should contain vitamins with a high amount of calories and a proper amount of protein so that your body can meet the needs of the growing baby in the womb. Vitamins are available in abundance from green vegetables, pulses, milk, etc. You can also take vitamin pills.
How much iodine to take in pregnancy?
We often do not pay attention to the fact that pregnant women also need a lot of iodine, their body needs 200-220 micrograms of iodine per day. Iodine is essential for the development of the baby’s brain. If there is a deficiency of iodine, other defects such as mental illness, weight gain, and miscarriage in women arise in the child. The easiest and simplest way is to include iodized salt in your diet. The natural sources of iodine are cereals, pulses, milk, eggs, meat.
Importance of zinc in pregnancy
Pregnant women need 15 to 20 mg of zinc per day. Zinc deficiency leads to loss of appetite, stunted physical development of the child, and skin diseases. You can take green vegetables and multi-vitamin supplements to supplement zinc.
- Your unborn baby may be hungry, but the pregnant woman may not be hungry, but still try to eat something every once in a while.
- Instead of worrying about gaining weight, focus on eating well.
- Do not drink raw milk. Do not smoke or drink at all.
- Consuming more than 200 mg of caffeine per day increases the risk of miscarriage and low birth weight. Therefore, reduce the amount of caffeine.
- Hot spicy things should not be eaten. You should also not eat raw papaya and pineapple.
- Foods made from whole grains, sprouted pulses, green leafy green vegetables, jaggery, sesame, etc., do not cause anemia by the consumption of iron-rich foods.
- It is important that the weight of the pregnant woman should increase by 10 to 12 kg during the entire pregnancy.
- Pregnant women should not fast.
- If you want to eat sweets, eat figs or dates. It is rich in calcium and it also cures constipation.
- Vegetable soup and juice must be taken. Have salad during the meal. Never use readymade soups and juices available in the market.
- Pregnant women should avoid fast food, fried food, spicy and spicy food.
- Keep taking your doctor’s advice from time to time. Vitamin and iron tablets should be taken regularly.